Do you have red and swollen gums? Or do your gums bleed after brushing or flossing your teeth? Then you have the initial symptoms of a gum disease. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Unfortuntaly gum disease isn't always painful. So you could be unaware you have it. Regular dental check-ups are important to keep your teeth and gums in great health.
Symptomes of gingivitis are:
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen gums
- Red gums
- Shiny gums
- Tender gums
- Mouth sores
- Bad breath
If gingivitis is untreated you can develop periodontitis. You have periodontitis when the tissues and bone that support the teeth are also affected. The risk of periodontitis is the loosening and potential loss of teeth. The symptoms of periodontitis are:
- Unpleasant taste in your mouth
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Gum abscesses
Read more about periodontitis and the treatment of periodontitis on our website.
Risk factors which increase the chance or gingivitis
Some behaviours in your daily life increase the chance of getting gingivitis. Others have to do with medical conditions. These risks are:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Crooked teeth
- Defective fillings
- Dental bridges that no longer fit properly
- Uncontrolled Diabetes
Prompt gingivitis treatment prevents progression. It is the way to prevent periodontitis. Treatment usually reverses the symptoms of gingivitis. To increase the chances of complete healing you need to adjust your daily routine. Provide good oral hygiene and stop smoking.
The treatment of Gingivitis is performed by our preventive assistants and includes:
- Professional dental cleaning
- Brush instruction
Professional dental cleaning
Our preventive assistant will remove all traces of plaque, tartar and bacteria's. The procedure is known as scaling. Scaling removes the tartar and bacteria from your tooth but also beneath your gums. The preventive assistant smooths the root surfaces. This helps prevent further buildup of tartar and bacteria. After the professional dental cleaning your gums and teeth are completly clean and this allows for the gingivitis to heal.
After the the professional dental cleaning the gingivitis usually clears up. The way you brush your teeth and gums play a big part in this. The preventive assistant will instruct you how to use the toothbrush in a proper way.
Daily routines & lifestyle changes
The instructions you will receive from the preventive assistant will include:
- Floss daily
- Brush your teeth at least two times a day
- Use an electric toothbrush
- Replace your toothbrush every three months
- Get professional teeth cleaning done every three months
- Give up smoking
- Get your vitamin C levels up
After a few days of treatment you will start to see the return of pink coloured gums. To keep the gum pink and healty maintain a good oral health and regularly see the preventive assistant and dental hygienist.
Book an appointment
If you think you have gingivitis or periodontitis please make a dentist appointment. Our dental team would love to help you out.